The best cancer-fighting foods
Cancer-fighting foods include apples, berries, and fatty fish. These foods may help prevent cancer and promote general health. Learn more about the best cancer-fighting foods here.
Breast cancer: Changing tumor cells into fat cells stops spread
By exploiting cancer cells' innate adaptability, scientists halt invasive spread in mice by transforming malignant breast cancer cells into fat cells.
What are the benefits of quercetin?
Quercetin is a flavonoid present in many fruits and vegetables. Due to its antioxidant and other properties, it has a variety of health benefits. Learn about them here.
Can fasting help fight cancer?
There are many benefits to fasting. It may even play a role in the prevention and treatment of cancer. There are also some potential risks to be aware of. Learn more about fasting and cancer here.
What happens if chemotherapy does not work?
Signs that chemotherapy is not working include tumor growth and metastasis. Radiation and immunotherapy may be effective alternative treatments. Learn more about what to do if chemotherapy is not working here.
Health benefits of mung beans
Mung beans are a healthful source of protein, fiber, vitamins, and minerals. Some research also suggests that they may have a range of other health benefits. Learn more here.
Study reveals how much fiber we should eat to prevent disease
A meta-analysis of observational studies and clinical trials reveals the ideal amount of dietary fiber that we should consume each day.
What dictates how vitamin E supplements affect cancer risk?
Taking vitamin E supplements increases the likelihood of cancer in some people, while it decreases the risk in others. Why does this happen?
Cancer: A new 'drug sponge' may reduce chemo's toxic effects
A new experimental device may be able to absorb chemotherapy drugs after they have reached cancer tumors but before they can reach healthy tissue.
New molecule stops cancer from 'tricking' the immune system
Scientists reveal how cancer 'tricks' immune cells into working for tumors rather than against them, and a molecule that may stop this deceptive mechanism.
Bowel cancer: New biomarker may also boost treatment
Researchers investigating a new biomarker for colorectal cancer have also uncovered a novel intervention that might help treat a range of cancer types.
Triple-negative breast cancer responds to new dual-target therapy
An experimental therapy that targets two growth pathways reduced cancer cell proliferation and spread in mice with triple-negative breast cancer.
New breath test for cancer currently under trial
Researchers from the United Kingdom are currently testing the accuracy of a newly developed breath test that could diagnose cancer in a noninvasive way.
Childbirth may increase risk of breast cancer
A new study reveals that contrary to popular belief, having recently given birth may result in a slightly higher risk of breast cancer.
Does magnesium hold the key to vitamin D benefits?
Research has linked low vitamin D levels with a range of conditions, including bowel cancer. But, without magnesium, vitamin D may not function properly.
Prostate cancer: New, quicker test to assess metastasis risk
A newly developed test can detect the risk of metastasis in people with prostate cancer at a quicker rate, lower cost, and using smaller tissue samples.
Combo of existing drugs fights bowel cancer and reduces side effects
By combining two common cancer drugs, researchers have found a more effective way to treat colorectal cancer and reduce unpleasant side effects.
Health benefits of gold, frankincense, and myrrh
Gold, frankincense, and myrrh are famous for one festive reason. In this feature, we ask whether any of them might harbor any health benefits.
Gold nanoparticles could destroy prostate cancer
By coating nanoparticles with gold, researchers have successfully destroyed prostate cancer cells in people without damaging surrounding tissue.
What were the most intriguing medical studies of 2018?
As 2018 slowly but surely draws to a close, we give you an overview of some of the most read and thought-provoking medical research of this year.
Can chemotherapy help treat Crohn's?
When traditional treatments for Crohn's disease are unsuccessful, a doctor may prescribe chemotherapy. Learn about whether chemo is safe, the different types available, and whether there are any side effects here.
Diabetes and hypertension drug combo kills cancer cells
New research finds that combining the drug metformin with an antihypertensive drug cuts off the energy supply to cancer cells and inhibits tumor growth.
Spray gel could reduce cancer spread after surgery
A 'sprayable gel' embedded with nanoparticles carrying drugs that boost immunity controlled tumor recurrence at surgery site and at distant sites in mice.
Colorectal cancer: Loss of two genes may drive tumor formation
New research shows how the loss of two genes may drive an aggressive form of colorectal cancer. The findings also point to a potential new treatment.
LEEP procedure: What to expect
LEEP stands for loop electrosurgical excision procedure. This test can help diagnose and treat cervical cancer. Learn more about its uses and what to expect here.
Missed periods and ovarian cancer
Most causes of missed or irregular periods are not serious. However, less commonly, a missed period can be a sign of ovarian cancer. Early detection and treatment of this type of cancer can improve a person’s outlook. Learn more here.
Prostate cancer and back pain
Back pain is a common complaint with many possible causes. In some cases, chronic, unexplained back pain can occur with advanced prostate cancer. Learn more here.
What is appendix cancer?
Appendix cancer is very rare, and many people experience no symptoms in the early stages. Doctors often diagnose this cancer when it spreads to other organs or after they remove a person’s appendix due to appendicitis. Learn more here.
What to know about stage 4 lymphoma
The symptoms, treatment, and survival rates of stage 4 lymphoma depend on the type of lymphoma and the risk factors that the individual has. Learn more here.
These tiny sensors may detect cancer early
Researchers use nanosensors to detect intracellular interactions that may signal cancer very early on. Their results may help detect lymphocytic leukemia.
What are the benefits of glutathione?
Glutathione is an antioxidant that helps make proteins in the body and may have a variety of other health benefits. Learn more about the effects of glutathione here.
Is it possible to reverse 'chemo brain?'
'Chemo brain' affects many people who have undergone cancer treatment. What happens in the brain, and how can we reverse this effect?
What are the complications of HIV?
While modern medical treatments have drastically reduced the risk of HIV complications, people living with HIV may be more prone to certain illnesses. Learn more here.
Infections and cancer: The link could be stronger than we think
Study reveals a common cellular mechanism through which bacterial infection could promote cancer and increase resistance to anticancer drugs.
Iron-rich foods for vegetarians and vegans
Iron is an essential nutrient. Many plant-based foods contain iron, including lentils, beans, tofu, and blackstrap molasses. Learn about these and other iron-rich vegetarian foods here.
PSA levels after prostatectomy
A prostatectomy is one treatment option for prostate cancer. It involves the surgical removal of the prostate gland. Following a prostatectomy, doctors carry out regular prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing to check that the cancer is not returning. Learn more about PSA after a prostatectomy here.
Can drinking alcohol lead to prostate cancer?
Doctors do not fully understand what causes prostate cancer. This disease may have an association with alcohol, but scientists need to do more research to confirm the potential link. Here, learn more about the risks of alcohol, how doctors screen for and treat prostate cancer, and the survival rates for this disease.
Universal 10-minute cancer test in sight
Cancer cells have a unique pattern of chemical tags on their DNA, which differs from that of healthy cells and could serve as the basis for a universal test.
Does HIV increase cancer risk?
HIV can weaken a person’s immune system, which can increase the risk of certain types of cancer. Such cancers include Kaposi’s sarcoma, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, and cervical, lung, anal, and oral cancer. However, effective treatment can significantly reduce the risk of developing these cancers. Learn more here.
Researchers find new drug combo to challenge cancer
Researchers have discovered a new drug combination that may be able to boost cancer treatment while also preventing tumors from becoming therapy-resistant.
Cancer cells' use of sugar holds the key to their destruction
Either reducing glucose supply or altering its metabolism in cancer cells could greatly improve effectiveness of virus-based treatments, a study reveals.
New strategy defeats cancer cells that evade chemotherapy
Scientists have found that making the cancer cells that survive chemotherapy more aggressive results in them being vulnerable to anti-inflammatories.
End-of-life symptoms of metastatic breast cancer
The end-of-life symptoms associated with metastatic breast cancer depend on where a person’s cancer has spread to, and they can include both physical and mental issues. Treatment focuses on improving quality of life and caring for the individual’s physical, emotional, and spiritual needs. Learn more here.
'DNA origami' tackles multidrug-resistant cancer cells
Scientists have developed a 'DNA nanoplatform' that carries anticancer drugs to targeted cancer cells and also prevents the cells from expelling the drug.
What you need to know about breast cancer
Breast cancer survival rates are rising as screening and treatment improve. But breast cancer is still the most invasive cancer in women. Find out who might have a greater risk, what symptoms to look out for, and the treatment options a person might face. Plus, learn about the types of breast cancer and the stages.
Ovarian cancer statistics
Knowing the statistics on ovarian cancer can help a person better understand the condition. However, it is important to remember that everyone has a different experience with cancer.
Do cancer treatments accelerate brain aging?
A new study finds connections between key markers of biological aging and signs of cognitive decline years after the completion of breast cancer treatment.
Rainforest vine compound kills resilient cancer cells
New research finds that a compound extracted from vines in the Congolese rainforest can kill cancer cells where other substances have failed.
Could a type of sugar halt cancer's march?
A recent study concludes that supplementation with a type of sugar interrupts cancer cells’ metabolism. This simple intervention could help fight cancer.
New blood test can detect ovarian cancer in its early stages
Ovarian cancer is rarely detected in its early stages, which makes treatment less effective. A new blood test, however, may become a game-changer.
Stopping tumor cell movement halts cancer spread
Using tumor-like microenvironments, scientists stopped cancer cells from spreading, even after the cells had switched to a different way of moving.
How much does hepatitis C treatment cost?
Hepatitis C is a viral infection with different treatment options. Medication, treatments, and care pricing depend on factors that include a person’s insurance policy and their overall health. There are various medications available. Learn more about the costs of hepatitis C treatment here.
Melanoma: Keeping these molecules apart could stop cancer spread
Recent research suggests that stopping the proteins LRP1 and tPA from interacting could form the basis of a treatment to halt metastasis in melanoma.
How aspirin and omega-3 may reduce cancer risk
A new clinical trial suggests that taking aspirin and an omega-3 fatty acid can decrease the number of precancerous growths in the colon.
What are the benefits of flaxseed oil?
Learn about the health benefits of flaxseed oil, such as improved skin and cholesterol, decreased inflammation, and a reduced risk of diabetes. We also cover the potential risks of flaxseed oil, as well as how to use it.
What does it mean to have stage 4 pancreatic cancer?
When pancreatic cancer has spread to other parts of the body, it is in stage 4. There is no cure for this type of cancer, but treatments can help improve life expectancy and the quality of life. Learn more here.
How does a doctor diagnose cancer?
Cancer is a common disease, and a whole range of outlooks is possible depending on the type and severity. Knowing how recognize and diagnose cancer early on can be the key to improving the outlook. Read on to learn ,pre about the symptoms and diagnostic techniques saving lives every day.
Pancreatic cancer cells are 'addicted' to key protein
New research on highly aggressive pancreatic cancers finds that a protein fuels cancer cells to the extent that they become 'addicted' to it.
New cancer drug safely boosts radiation therapy
A new clinical trial finds that a novel drug can boost the strength of radiation therapy in the fight against cancer with 'minimal side effects.'
Cancer and obesity: Clogged immune cells help explain link
A recent study examines the relationship between obesity and cancer from a new angle. The researchers look at the potential role of the immune system.
New way to manipulate immune cells may treat cancer, autoimmune disease
Altering levels of a molecule that T cells need to grow could help the body fight cancer and lead to new treatments for autoimmune disease.
Breast cancer screening: How does it truly impact survival?
New research looking at the data of tens of thousands of women finds that screening for breast cancer has an important impact on survival.
What to know about cancer
Cancer is the uncontrolled development of cells. After heart disease, it is the second most common cause of death in the United States. However, researchers continue to develop treatments that result in improved survival rates. Read on to learn more.
Can dogs detect cancer?
Dogs have an incredibly sensitive sense of smell. They are able to detect various types of cancer through odor signatures in a person’s breath, urine, and skin. Here, we look at how dogs can detect cancer, the types of cancer they can smell, and how medical professionals can use dogs in cancer research and diagnostics.
Breast cancer risk: Are you an early riser?
An innovative new study investigates the link between morning or evening preference and the likelihood of developing breast cancer.
How does a protein's 'evil twin' promote cancer growth?
The mutant variant of a cancer-suppressing protein blocks its 'sibling's' activity, researchers have found. This interaction allows cancer to spread.
Everything you need to know about adrenal cancer
Adrenal cancer is a rare type of cancer that affects the adrenal glands. The adrenal glands make cortisol, aldosterone, and sex hormones. In this article, learn about the types and symptoms of adrenal cancer, as well as how doctors diagnose it and what the treatment options are. We also cover the possible risk factors.
What to know about nodular melanoma
Nodular melanoma is the most aggressive form of skin cancer. In this article, we look at the symptoms, causes, risk factors, and treatments for nodular melanoma.
Can hydrogen peroxide help treat cancer?
Many people use hydrogen peroxide to treat minor injuries, whiten their teeth, or dye their hair. Some claim that it can help cure cancer, but what does the research say?
Melanoma: More evidence that antioxidants speed up tumor spread
New research reveals that antioxidants that bind to mitochondria — the main source of free radicals — either have no effect or cause tumors to grow faster.
New virus could help destroy cancer
A new study investigates the potential use of a virus against cancer. Researchers hope that the findings will be useful for different types of cancer.
Everything you need to know about penile cancer
Penile cancer is cancer that affects the penis and other male genitals. It often begins on the skin. Penile cancer is relatively rare and is highly treatable in the early stages. In this article, learn more about penile cancer, including its signs and symptoms, potential risk factors, and treatment options.
Forms of tobacco that give you cancer
Many people try nicotine replacement or vaping as an alternative to smoking cigarettes. However, people often speculate as to whether there is a link between nicotine consumption and cancer. The consensus is also unclear as to whether smokeless tobacco causes cancer. Learn more here.
Does brain size predict brain cancer risk?
New research suggests that having a larger brain may increase the risk of developing aggressive brain cancer. The higher number of brain cells may be why.
Does baby powder cause cancer? What to know
Baby powder manufacturers have recently faced lawsuits that their product, a type of talc, may cause ovarian cancer. Learn about the claims and research here.
Nature's 'kill code' may destroy cancer
Two new studies explain how each cell in the body embeds a code that may become active when a healthy cell mutates into a cancerous one.
Common drugs lead to millions of cases of lung disease
Many common drugs affect lung health negatively, and these problems are more common than specialists previously thought, concludes a new review.
What are the advantages of oral chemotherapy?
Oral chemotherapy in the form of pills, liquids, or tablets is a treatment option for some types and stages of cancer. Advantages include not having to visit a clinic as frequently, while disadvantages include the risk of making dosing errors when taking the medication at home. Learn more about oral chemotherapy here.
What are the symptoms of skin cancer?
Skin cancer is the most common cancer in the United States. People should check every month for signs of melanoma and other skin cancers. In this article, we take a close look at the types of skin cancer and the symptoms to look for. We also discuss risk factors and prevention.
What are the side effects of chemotherapy?
Side effects of chemotherapy include illness and infection, bleeding easily, hair loss, and nausea or vomiting. Learn more about 10 of the most common side effects, and how to combat them here.
What are the best remedies for neuropathy from chemo?
Neuropathy from chemo can cause tingling and numbness in the hands and feet. It is a side effect of the chemotherapy drug that a person uses in their cancer treatment. Learn more about the best remedies for neuropathy from chemo, including natural and alternative remedies, such as vitamins, massage, and acupuncture.
Pancreatic cancer: New approach may prolong survival
Pancreatic cancer is often treatment-resistant, but new light shed in a mouse study has 'more than doubled survival' and may lead to new therapies.
What you should know about pancreatic cancer
Pancreatic cancer accounts for 3 percent of all cancers in the United States. It can be difficult to manage because symptoms often do not appear until the later stages. However, treatment is available, and some lifestyle choices can reduce the risk of developing it. Find out more about this type of cancer.
What is opioid-induced constipation?
Opioids are often crucial pain relievers, but they can have adverse effects, including constipation. Find out more about opioid-induced constipation here.
What causes opioid-induced constipation (OIC)?
Opioids are important for controlling pain, but they can lead to opioid-induced constipation (OIC). Why does this happen and what other effects do opioids have on digestion?
Treatment for opioid-induced constipation
Many people use opioids to relieve pain, but they can lead to further problems, including constipation. Find out how to reduce the symptoms of constipation resulting from the use of opioids.
Prostate cancer: Scientists reveal new way to target stubborn cells
Prostate cancer is common, so findings new ways to destroy it is very important. Now, researchers believe that they may have found a new drug target.
Cancer ribbon colors: A guide
Ribbons come in a variety of colors to promote awareness and raise funds to support people fighting many types of cancer. Learn about the ribbons here.
Acute myeloid leukemia: New treatment overcomes chemo resistance
A treatment that alters gene expression overcame chemotherapy resistance and resulted in complete remission in a mouse model of acute myeloid leukemia.
Does eating organic food protect against cancer?
We tend to assume that eating organic food is good for our health. A recent, large-scale study looks more closely at whether it might reduce cancer risk.
What to know about cardiac tamponade
Cardiac tamponade is a fluid buildup around the heart that constitutes a medical emergency. We discuss the causes, symptoms, and treatment of cardiac tamponade here.
Immunotherapy successful against deadly breast cancer
A new trial confirms that a combination of immunotherapy and chemotherapy boosts survival rates for people with triple-negative breast cancer.
Pancreatic cancer: Chinese tree compound helps destroy tumors
New research finds that the derivative of a compound found in a rare Chinese tree bark can destroy drug-resistant pancreatic tumors.
Cancer: Even healthy tissue is 'riddled with mutations'
A new study charts the slow build-up of genetic mutations. The researchers are surprised to find that even healthy human tissue carries many mutants.
Using light to destroy metastatic breast cancer
Metastatic breast cancer may soon be treated using light to activate photo-sensitive drugs which, in turn, can target cancer cells and avoid healthy ones.
Cancer: Could a 'universal' blood test make detection easier?
Researchers have been developing a 'universal' blood test that can quickly detect the presence of cancer. The scientists are now working to improve it.
How a 150-year old drug might help battle cancer
The potency of cancer treatments is often reduced by a lack of oxygen in and around the tumor. Researchers have found an existing drug that might help.
Breast cancer: Marker of deadly recurrence identified
Low or no NR2F1 protein in cells that metastasize from primary breast tumors to bone marrow indicates a high risk of lethal cancer recurrence, says study.
How a breastfeeding mechanism may affect breast cancer
A molecular mechanism that is involved in the breast's adaptation to breastfeeding may sustain pre-cancerous breast cells, finds a new study.
Aspirin may reduce liver cancer risk
The latest study to investigate the relationship between regular aspirin use and liver cancer risk finds a significant positive interaction.
What is this white spot on my eyeball?
A white spot on the eye is often a corneal ulcer or a pinguecula. These eye conditions are treatable. It is essential to seek immediate medical attention for a white spot on the eye, as long-lasting damage can occur without treatment. Learn more about white spots on the eye, their causes, and treatment options here.
Breast cancer: Omega-3-rich diet may stop tumors from spreading
A diet rich in omega-3 fatty acids may halt the growth of cancer cells by strengthening the immune system and curbing inflammation.
New risk factor for mouth cancer uncovered
There are several risk factors associated with mouth cancer. A recent study conducted in Taiwan might add another to the list: air pollution.
Cancer: Alternative therapies are popular but risky
Two new studies show that the use of complementary and alternative medicines is widespread among people who have been diagnosed with cancer.
Existing drug shows promise for treating aggressive breast cancer
An antipsychotic drug that is used to treat Tourette's syndrome shows promising results against triple-negative breast cancer in a study of cells and mice.
What to know about age spots (liver spots)
Age spots, or liver spots, are common and harmless. They do not require treatment, but people can get rid of them with creams and cosmetic procedures. Age spots can resemble certain forms of skin cancer, and anyone concerned about an age spot should speak with a doctor.
Invasive lobular breast cancer: Prognosis and statistics
Invasive lobular breast cancer affects the lobules, which contain glands that produce breast milk. This type of cancer can spread to other parts of the breast and may affect other areas of the body. In this article, learn more about treatments, remission, and outlook.
Antibiotic may prevent breast cancer recurrence
Metastasis and recurrence are huge challenges for breast cancer researchers. One group believes that an existing antibiotic might provide help.
Existing antibiotic could help treat melanoma
Drug resistance is a significant problem when treating melanoma. A new study concludes that an old antibiotic might offer new hope.
What are the side effects of radiation for breast cancer?
Radiation can be an effective treatment for breast cancer, but it does have side effects. Doctors may recommend this therapy in combination with others, such as surgery and chemotherapy. Learn more about how radiation for breast cancer affects the body and what short- and long-term side effects to expect.
Nasal delivery of grape compound shows promising results in lung cancer
Administering the natural red wine anticancer compound resveratrol through the nose could protect against lung cancer, a new mouse study finds.
Just how harmful is it to have 1 drink per day?
New research is piling up evidence indicating that even light drinking increases a person's risk of various health issues, as well as premature death.
Immunotherapy: 'Killer' cells get boost in fight against cancer
Nanoparticles can boost the immune system's natural killer cells in the fight against cancer, making immunotherapy successful in more patients.
Ileostomy: Everything you need to know
In an ileostomy, a surgeon connects the lower part of the small intestine to an opening in the wall of the abdomen. This procedure allows stool to exit the body without passing through damaged portions of the bowel. Here, we describe ileostomy surgery, including preparation, recovery, and lifestyle adjustments.
What can cause flushed skin?
Flushed skin is often a harmless and short-lived reaction to being too hot, exercising, or having emotional responses, including anxiety and embarrassment. However, flushing can sometimes be a sign of an underlying medical condition, such as rosacea, certain cancers, or an endocrine disorder. Learn more here.
Cancer therapy: Bacteria may help shrink tumors
A new phase I clinical trial looks at whether a modified bacterial strain is safe and effective in attacking stubborn, treatment-resistant cancer tumors.
New cancer vaccine may tackle HER2-positive tumors
A new cancer vaccine shows promise for treating a range of more aggressive HER2-positive cancers in an early, phase I clinical trial.
Can aspirin help treat cancer?
A systematic review of 71 studies suggests that regular aspirin intake may help treat cancers such as colon cancer, breast cancer, and prostate cancer.
Some cancer therapies may avert cardiovascular disease
Drugs that are currently used for cancer may thwart cardiovascular disease, the leading cause of death worldwide, according to a new study.
Manipulating features of cells 'could help to slow cancer'
A new study focusing on nuclear pores finds that manipulating certain cell features could help to stop cancer cells from thriving.
A new drug could strip pancreatic cancer of its defenses
A common type of pancreatic cancer is aggressive and highly treatment-resistant. Experts have now developed a drug that may kill this cancer more easily.
Is there a link between psoriasis and cancer?
There is a current debate about whether or not there is a link between psoriasis, or psoriasis treatments, and certain cancers. We take a look at what the research says.
Life expectancy for stage 3 breast cancer
Many factors influence a person’s life expectancy after a stage 3 breast cancer diagnosis, including age, sex, and response to treatment. In this article, learn more about survival rates, treatment, and remission.
What to know about radiation dermatitis
Radiation dermatitis occurs when radiotherapy, a standard cancer treatment, damages the healthy skin cells. People can ease skin redness and peeling with calming skincare routines, some of which we explain here.
Fighting brain cancer with the Zika virus
Scientists have found some surprising common ground between the Zika virus and brain cancer. They hope that a Zika vaccine may help combat glioblastoma.
Do low vitamin D levels increase breast cancer risk?
New research finds more evidence that low levels of vitamin D are linked to a heightened risk of breast cancer. Obesity is also a factor, authors confirm.
Foods with low nutritional quality tied to higher cancer risk
A large multinational cohort study finds that eating foods with a low nutritional quality on a regular basis is linked with a heightened risk of cancer.
Double mastectomy recovery: What to know
It can be difficult to know what to expect after a double mastectomy. In this article, we discuss the physical and emotional side effects of surgery and provide tips to aid recovery at home. We also cover how to prepare for the procedure and the length of the recovery time.
Leukemia rash pictures
Leukemia is a type of cancer that affects white blood cells. Symptoms may include petechiae, which are tiny red, brown, or purple spots on the skin that resemble a rash. Rashes and other skin conditions are common and are not usually signs of cancer. Learn what a leukemia rash looks like and when to see a doctor here.
Cancer: Scientists reveal how to boost radiotherapy
Scientists reveal that targeting a pathway in cancer cells that controls the motion of their mitochondria could make them more yielding to radiotherapy.
Cancer: New target found for drug-resistant tumors
Scientists have uncovered a previously uncharted mechanism of cell growth that helps several cancers resist rapamycin and similar drugs.
Do bacteria cause stomach cancer?
Infections with one type of bacteria increase the risk for stomach cancer. Now, specialists have identified exactly which bacterial strain may be at fault.
Breast cancer: Discovery of new factor may improve therapy
Researchers have found a previously unknown mechanism in the development of breast cancer, involving an enzyme that plays a key role in lactation.
Vaping 'pumps' cancer-causing substances into the lungs
A new study confirms that e-cigarette users absorb 'significant' quantities of carcinogenic substances into their lungs through vaping.
What makes aggressive brain cancer 'immortal?'
Aggressive brain cancer cells are able to prolong their own lifespans indefinitely. How does this happen, and what strategy might curb this mechanism?
Blocking ovarian cancer's energy supply helps curb spread
New research reveals that, to fuel tumor invasion of nearby tissue, ovarian cancer cells recruit supporting cells to supply energy from glycogen.
New cancer vaccine is 100 percent successful in mouse model
A team of experts has conducted tests in mice for a potent new vaccine against melanoma. So far, the researchers have observed a 100 percent success rate.
What to know about leukemia survival rates
Leukemia is a type of cancer that affects the white blood cells. A person's chances of surviving leukemia depend on a variety of factors, including their age, overall health, time of diagnosis, and response to treatment. Children and younger people have higher survival rates. Learn more in this article.
Ovarian cancer: Scientists find a way to launch dual attack
Antibody immunotherapy for solid tumors has shown limited success. Now, one that attacks two targets in ovarian cancer cells promises to improve prospects.
Benefits of black seed oil
Black seed oil has a long history of use in traditional medicine as people believe that it offers a range of health benefits. Does it really work though? In this article, we look at the scientific research on how black seed oil affects health. We explore its effects on medical conditions, skin health, and weight loss.
Cancer update: Research from August 2018
In this article, we outline some of the most interesting recent findings from cancer research, covering work from a range of institutions and journals.
Cancer: Using cell metabolism to fight stubborn tumors
Targeting cell metabolism could stop cancer cells from using a survival mechanism called autophagy to escape treatment and seed new tumors, says new study.
Are red spots on the breast a sign of cancer?
There are many possible causes of red spots or a rash on the breast, including allergic reactions, infections, problems with the milk ducts, and several other skin conditions. However, red spots can sometimes be an early sign of inflammatory breast cancer or Paget’s disease of the breast. Learn more here.
What are the consequences of a sedentary lifestyle?
People living a sedentary lifestyle spend too much time engaging in behaviors that expend very little energy. A sedentary lifestyle can cause severe health issues, including cancer, diabetes, and poor cardiovascular health. Solutions include doing more exercise. Learn about the effects of a sedentary lifestyle here.
Primary breast cancer can 'shut down its own spread'
Groundbreaking research finds that primary breast cancers can stop their own spread. The findings may help prevent metastasis by 'freezing' tumors.
Dogs: Our best friends in sickness and in health
Dogs really are a person's best friend — not least because they impact both our physical and our mental health. In this Spotlight, we explain why and how.
What can cause spots on the tongue?
There are many tiny spots or bumps on the tongue that people need for taste and sensation. But spots on the tongue that are unusual in size or appearance could be the sign of a health issue. Causes of unusual spots include lie bumps, burns, canker sores, infections, and oral cancer. Learn more here.
How to create and destroy metastatic cancer cells
By tinkering with a cancer cell's waste disposal system, its ability to metastasize can be compromised. A new study delves into the details.
What signs of breast cancer are there other than a lump?
A lump in the breast can be a sign of breast cancer, but other changes in the breast can also signify this condition. Other potential warning signs include texture changes, nipple discharge, and breast pain. Learn more about eight possible symptoms of breast cancer besides a lump, and when to see a doctor.
Bouts of fever may make us more resilient to cancer
Scientists argue that episodes of infectious fever increase the immune system's ability to fight cancer through their effect on particular types of T cell.
Cancer: Deleting two molecules boosts immune response
New research finds that deleting two key molecules can help immune cells survive for longer and grow stronger in the fight against cancer and infections.
What is trauma to the breast?
A traumatic breast injury may occur for many reasons, including a fall or sports injury. Symptoms can include pain and bruising, depending on the severity of the injury. A traumatic breast injury cannot cause cancer. Treatment typically involves rest and precautions to prevent further injury. Learn more here.
Targeting one enzyme could treat cancer, diabetes, and obesity
A study into the enzyme PI3KC2A reveals its role in internal cell signaling processes, the disruption of which can lead to cancer, obesity, and diabetes.
What are the natural ways to prevent prostate cancer?
Age, genetics, and a poor diet are among the many risk factors for prostate cancer. By taking certain steps, a person may be able to reduce their risk. For example, adding soy products and coffee to the diet may help. Learn about natural ways to prevent prostate cancer here.
'Junk DNA' has role in cancer spread, say scientists
Scientists find that parts of DNA once considered to be 'junk' actually instruct cells to make RNA molecules that keep cancer-promoting genes switched on.
What are the early signs of lung cancer in men?
In the United States, lung cancer is the second most common cancer and the leading cause of death from cancer. In the first stages, there are often no symptoms, but early detection and treatment can improve a person’s outlook. Here, we look at the initial signs of lung cancer in men and describe when to see a doctor.
New chemical causes deadly brain cancer to self-destruct
Researchers have discovered a chemical that cuts off the energy supply to glioblastoma cells, disrupts their metabolism, and causes them to self-destruct.
What to do about vaginal cysts, sores, and bumps
A lump or bump on the vagina may have a variety of causes. Causes can include cysts, warts, polyps, and, rarely, vaginal cancer. Treatment depends on the cause and may involve medication, lifestyle and hygiene changes, or even surgery. Learn more about the causes and treatment options of lumps on the vagina here.
Cancer research: Zombie genes and elephants
Elephants are affected by cancer much less frequently than humans. By unraveling their DNA, researchers gain new insight into anticancer mechanisms.
What happens at each stage of breast cancer?
There are multiple stages of breast cancer, ranging from 0–4. Each has it’s own particular set of symptoms and treatment possibilities. There are treatment options for each stage with varying outlooks for success depending on the stage and person. The earlier the stage, the more likely treatment will be successful.
Urea dysfunctions in the liver may signal cancer
New research suggests that a dysfunctional nitrogen metabolism may be an early sign of cancer. The findings may lead to better diagnostic tools.
Diets 'devoid of vegetable matter' may cause colon cancer
Feeding mice a diet rich in a compound that results from the digestion of cabbage and other brassicas protected their gut from inflammation and cancer.
Stage 4 melanoma: What you need to know
Melanoma is a type of cancer that affects the skin cells. If it has progressed to stage 4, this means it has spread beyond the skin to other organs, such as the liver, brain, or lungs. In this article, learn about survival rates, traditional treatments, and new treatment methods, such as targeted therapy drugs.
What is the outlook for chronic lymphocytic leukemia?
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is a type of cancer that affects the blood and bone marrow. Although doctors can very rarely cure CLL, survival rates for this cancer are typically good. A person’s life expectancy for CLL depends on how far the cancer has progressed and when they receive treatment. Learn more here.
Experimental drug may treat 'undruggable' cancers
Researchers have found a way to block a cell signaling pathway that is common to many hard-to-treat cancers and has so far defied attempts to target it.
Leukemia: Do genes influence how people respond to therapy?
Some people with acute myeloid leukemia are more responsive to chemotherapy than others. Why is this, and how can this knowledge lead to better treatments?
Poison or cure? Arsenic can help treat cancer, study finds
A new study shows how an arsenic oxide, in combination with an existing drug, can cure leukemia, and it may be able to also treat other types of cancer.
The war on disease: Revisiting old haunts
By doubling back and re-examining familiar components of the cell, scientists are finding new ways to approach difficult-to-treat diseases.
Skin cancer may predict future cancers
A new analysis finds that individuals who have multiple cases of a common skin cancer are more likely to develop cancer elsewhere in the body.
Psychedelic drugs 'may improve depression, anxiety, and PTSD'
Psychedelic drugs have a bad reputation, but could they be used to enhance psychotherapy? Some researchers argue they may help with anxiety and depression.
Cat lovers, this is how a feline friend can boost your health
Cats are loved for their elegance, their calming purrs, and the sweetness of their cuddles, but do you know how they can actually improve your health?
Common chemo drug may cause heart toxicity
A new study shows that the common chemotherapeutic agent doxorubicin disrupts the immune system as well as the function of the heart and spleen.
What are the most curable cancers?
There is no cure for cancer, but successful treatment can remove all signs of it. Doctors may base the outlook on the 5-year relative survival rate. This is the percentage of people likely to survive for 5 years after diagnosis compared to people without cancer. Here, we look at seven cancers with high survival rates.
What are the health benefits of goji berries?
Goji berries are used in traditional medicine for their health benefits. Several scientific studies back some of their purported health-giving properties, which include fighting eye diseases and cancer and promoting healthy skin. Learn more about the scientific evidence behind the benefits of goji berries here.
New compounds 'put cancer cells into a permanent sleep'
In a world first, Australian researchers have developed a new class of compounds able to 'put cancer cells to sleep,' thus halting tumor growth.
New drug may improve liver cancer therapy
Hepatocellular carcinoma (liver cancer) is fast growing, has poor survival rates, and has inefficient current treatments. Can they be improved?
Why does radiation-induced breast cancer occur?
A new study shows that low levels of tumor-suppressing protein PTEN in breast stroma tissue could raise women's risk of radiation-triggered breast cancer.
Cancer cells are weaker when made more acidic
New research suggests that making the insides of cancer cells more acidic upsets their metabolism. This vulnerability could offer new therapy targets.
Cellular mechanism may change cancer treatment
A newly discovered cellular mechanism could change our understanding of how cancer cells spread, paving the way for new treatments.
Vitamin D: Recent research uncovers new benefits
Vitamin D draws a great deal of scientific attention. In this Spotlight, we delve into recent research and explore the vitamin's disease-fighting powers.
Ovarian cancer and weight gain: What's the link?
Some people with ovarian cancer may experience weight gain. Bloating, certain treatments for cancer, or changes in lifestyle after diagnosis could be linked to this weight gain. In this article, we look at the link between weight gain and ovarian cancer and consider some tips for weight management.
Can ovarian cysts become cancerous?
Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that can develop in the ovaries. They are often harmless and require no treatment. However, they can sometimes cause symptoms similar to ovarian cancer or, rarely, become cancerous themselves. A doctor may surgically remove an ovarian cyst that is causing problems. Learn more here.
Can coffee cause cancer?
Many people worry that drinking coffee may cause cancer. This is because roasted coffee beans contain acrylamide, a substance that experts classify as a probable carcinogen. However, there are also claims that drinking coffee may prevent certain types of cancer. Here, we examine the link between coffee and cancer.
Pancreatic cancer: Cannabis compound may boost survival
Pancreatic cancer has a very poor prognosis for survival, but researchers are looking for ways to improve that. Their secret weapon? A cannabis compound.
What are the symptoms of late stage bladder cancer?
The symptoms of stage 4 bladder cancer include tiredness, weakness, and pain. Stage 4 is the most advanced stage of cancer. The standard treatment for late-stage cancer is chemotherapy, but treatment will often focus on palliative care. Learn more about the symptoms of stage 4 bladder cancer and the survival rate here.
Fighting prostate cancer with groundbreaking new technique
Creating a way to keep prostate cancer cells alive in the laboratory for longer leads to quicker drug trials. Sharing this widely speeds it up further.
Cancer cells destroyed with two antipsychotic drugs
A new study shows that the antipsychotics perphenazine and fluphenazine can successfully destroy cancer cells in cell cultures and rodents.
What are the early signs of oral cancer?
Oral cancer can affect any part of the mouth, including the front of the tongue, the lips, the gums, or inside the cheeks. Symptoms include ulcers that do not heal and pain in the affected area. Causes include the presence of the human papillomavirus (HPV). Learn more about the warning signs of oral cancer here.
Breast cancer: 'Yin Yang' protein found responsible for tumor growth
Scientists have uncovered a protein that fuels tumor growth in aggressive breast cancer. The findings may help tackle treatment-resistant tumors.
New drug-filled nanocapsules may fight cancer more effectively
Scientists have now created more resilient drug-filled nanocapsules that could help scientists in the fight against several conditions, including cancer.
What are the benefits of drinking lime water?
Proper hydration is essential to overall health. Drinking lime water is a great way to keep hydrated, but it may also help in aiding digestion, improving the skin, and helping promote weight loss. To get some of these benefits, simply add a squeeze of juice or a slice of lime to regular water.
What is osteosarcoma?
Osteosarcoma is a type of bone cancer that often affects the shinbone, thighbone, or upper arm. Doctors are currently unsure of the causes, but genetics may play a role. Treatment includes chemotherapy and surgery. The outlook depends on if and how far cancerous cells have spread. Learn more about osteosarcoma here.
How does diet impact breast cancer risk?
A new study analyzing health- and diet-related data collected over 30 years looks at how fruit and vegetable consumption impacts the risk of breast cancer.
Eat fish for a longer life, study suggests
In the latest and largest study to investigate the impact of eating more fish, researchers conclude that a fish-based diet could lower mortality risk.
How does complementary medicine impact cancer survival?
Although complementary and alternative medicine has risen in popularity, little is known about its impact on cancer survival. A new study takes a look.
Strong sensitivity to bitter tastes tied to higher cancer risk
Researchers suggest that women with a higher sensitivity to bitter flavors have an increased risk of cancer, but they are still investigating why this is.
Bowel cancer: Low-calorie soft drinks could reduce recurrence
A new study suggests that higher consumption of artificially sweetened soft drinks is tied to less chance of recurrence and death in stage 3 bowel cancer.
'Link between diabetes and cancer risk firmly established'
A major new review confirms that diabetes increases cancer risk, with an added warning: the risk is much higher for women, and we need to understand why.
Eating dinner earlier could reduce cancer risk
A new study concludes that the timing of our final meal of the day may influence our risk of developing prostate or breast cancer.
What are the early signs of tongue cancer?
The symptoms of tongue cancer include a painful tongue, redness, and sores or ulcers that will not heal. The exact cause is unknown, but risk factors include smoking and heavy alcohol consumption. Treatment often involves surgery, and the outlook depends on the grade of cancer. Learn more about tongue cancer here.
Signs and symptoms of medullary thyroid cancer
Medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) is a rare type of thyroid cancer. The earliest sign of MTC is typically a painless lump in the neck. Later symptoms can include pain or discomfort, hoarseness, coughing, and difficulty swallowing or breathing. If caught early, the outlook for MTC is often very good. Learn more here.
Rapid increase in deaths due to alcohol-related liver disease
Specialists are expressing concern over rising mortality due to late-stage liver disease. Most cases are caused by alcohol use, they warn.
Olfactory receptors 'do more than smell'
Human olfactory receptors are everywhere in the body — not just in the nose — and may prove useful in healthcare and medicine once we know more about them.
Is eating tilapia fish safe and healthful?
Tilapia is a popular edible fish that is low in fat and a good source of protein and omega-3 fatty acids. Tilapia farming occurs around the world, but some people worry about farming practices and whether or not tilapia is safe to eat. Here, we provide information about the farming, breeding, and safety of tilapia.
How emotions may impact tumor growth
Our emotions can impact our physical well-being, but to what extent? New research suggests that they may even play a role in the immune response to cancer.
Cancer: Can testosterone improve patients' quality of life?
Many patients with cancer experience 'cachexia,' a condition characterized by loss of body mass and debilitating weakness. Can testosterone treat it?
What to know about complex ovarian cysts
Ovarian cysts can be either simple or complex. Complex ovarian cysts contain blood or solid materials. They are more likely to need treatment than simple cysts. Ovarian cysts are usually benign but, in rare cases, can become cancerous. Learn about the causes, symptoms, and treatments for complex ovarian cysts here.
Omega-3-derived cannabinoid may stop cancer
A cannabinoid that occurs naturally in our bodies as a result of omega-3 fatty acid metabolism is found to have anticancer properties.
What are the symptoms of stage 4 breast cancer?
When breast cancer reaches stage 4, it will have spread from the breast to other parts of the body. Cancer cells in new parts of the body can cause a wide variety of symptoms. Here, we explain the symptoms that occur when breast cancer spreads to the bones, liver, or brain. We also cover other symptoms and treatment.
Acupuncture may reduce cancer drug side effects
In a new study, researchers asked whether acupuncture might ease the joint pain associated with a drug used to treat early breast cancer.
Existing drug may help to treat aggressive brain cancer
Glioblastoma is an aggressive form of brain cancer that is often therapy resistant. New research finds hope in an existing drug that may enhance treatment.
Keto diet could make cancer therapy more effective
A new study suggests that the ketogenic diet, which is very low in carbohydrates but high in fats, may give cancer therapy a much-needed boost.
'Backpacked drugs' can boost immunotherapy for solid tumors
Researchers have designed a drug-carrying nanoparticle capable of enhancing the effect of immune cells on solid cancer tumors without harmful side effects.
Cancer: 'Intelligent drug delivery' is on its way
Scientists have demonstrated a precision targeting system that only releases anticancer drugs when it encounters two tumor conditions in the right order.
Glue-like protein may be key to drug-resistant breast cancer
A Ph.D. student may have uncovered the reason why some breast cancers become drug-resistant. The answer may lie in a glue-like protein called fibronectin.
Hair-like cell structure may drive melanoma
While studying the epigenetic changes associated with melanoma, researchers found an unexpected link with hair-like projections on cells called cilia.
Using cell metabolism to battle cancer
In a recent study, researchers investigated how cancer stem cells might be stopped in their tracks by blocking their metabolic pathways.
What are the early symptoms of leukemia in children?
A range of common symptoms, such as weight loss, bruising, and swelling, can indicate leukemia in children. Spotting the symptoms early may lead to a faster diagnosis and treatment with a better chance of success. Learn more about the symptoms of leukemia in children here.
Chemotherapy enhanced by disused antipsychotic
Tumors often become resistant to chemotherapy. A new study describes how a defunct psychoactive drug might help to reverse this process.
What are the benefits of chlorophyll?
Chlorophyll is a natural pigment that occurs in many green vegetables. It has many potential health benefits due to its deodorant, anti-aging, wound-healing, and blood-building properties. We examine the evidence supporting these potential benefits and explain how to include chlorophyll in the diet.
Targeting the enzyme with a dual role in breast and brain health
One enzyme plays key roles in both breast cancer and intellectual disability. Knowing more about its molecular structure could help to design better drugs.
'Supramolecule' helps immune cells 'eat up' cancer
A newly designed 'supramolecule' can stop the 'don't eat me' signal that cancer cells emit and boost the power of immune cells in the fight against cancer.
Cancer immunotherapy 'could be safer' with natural killer cells
CAR cancer immunotherapy using natural killer cells from stem cells could be as effective and less toxic than using modified versions of patients' T cells.
Good news for heavy coffee drinkers
The health benefits of drinking coffee in moderation are now known. However, a new study asks whether the benefits are the same for heavy drinkers.
How a red wine compound may prevent cancer
New research shows, for the first time in the laboratory, how resveratrol stops a mutant protein from aggregating and leading to cancer.
Reversing autism with a cancer drug
Scientists may have found a new treatment for a genetic form of autism; experiments in mice successfully reverse the condition using cancer trial drugs.
Is this the 'perfect drug' to stop cancer cells' movement?
Researchers have put years worth of effort into developing a drug that can inhibit cancer cells' ability to move around, thereby preventing metastasis.
What causes an abdominal lump?
Abdominal lumps can be soft or hard and may feel sore. Hernias are a common cause of abdominal lumps, but a lump can also develop from other conditions. Some lumps may require surgery. In this article, we look at the symptoms and causes of abdominal lumps. We also cover diagnosis, treatment, and when to see a doctor.
What to know about gastrectomy, or stomach removal
A gastrectomy is a procedure to remove part or all of the stomach. Often, it is a treatment for stomach cancer. Here, we explore this and other uses of a gastrectomy. We also describe the procedure in detail and discuss the types of surgery. Learn about possible complications, life after a gastrectomy, and more.
Is it possible to kill cancer by 'overfeeding' it?
Cancer thrives on the buildup of 'nutrients' that can damage healthy cells. But can cancer cells have 'too much of a good thing?' Researchers investigate.
New 'potential target' for cancer therapy found
A protein that causes cancer cells to release tiny bags of proteins and molecules that help tumor progression may be a new treatment target, a study says.
Does a higher BMI protect against breast cancer?
A recently published study investigates whether individuals with a higher BMI before menopause have a lower risk of developing breast cancer.
Colon cancer: Scientists find new predisposition mechanism
New research finds a novel mechanism that genetically predisposes some people to the development of colon polyps and potentially cancer.