Artificial light during sleep puts women at risk of obesity
Researchers found that women who slept with lights or a television on in the room were at greater risk of weight gain and obesity during a 6-year study.
Women are better than men at remembering words and faces
A new meta-analysis of over 600 studies has found that women are better than men at recalling certain types of memories, such as verbal information.
Could gut bacteria drive the spread of breast cancer?
New research in mice finds that having an unhealthful balance in the gut microbiome can cause breast cancer to spread more aggressively.
New report shows overall cancer mortality on the decline
A joint effort among various governmental bodies, the new 'Annual Report to the Nation' offers fresh insights on cancer incidence and mortality.
CBT may be effective in managing menopause symptoms
New research suggests that cognitive behavioral therapy may be useful for managing several symptoms of menopause, such as hot flashes and depression.
What to know about rib pain during pregnancy
Pain around the ribs is a common complaint during pregnancy. In this article, we look at the possible causes of rib pain during pregnancy and provide tips for relieving pain.
Butt pain during pregnancy: Everything you need to know
Feeling pain in the buttocks is common during pregnancy. Often, it is due to extra pressure from the growing uterus, which can cause sciatica or hemorrhoids. Here, learn about these and other sources of butt pain during pregnancy.
Best ways to lose weight during menopause
Leading up to and during menopause, people often notice weight gain. For those who wish to lose this weight, it can be more difficult than usual. Here, we look at the link between menopause and weight and describe ways to lose weight during menopause.
Menopause and heart health: Why timing hormone therapy is key
Researchers at the University of Guelph in Canada are the first to study how perimenopause affects heart health in female mice.
Are feminine hygiene products really necessary?
Are intimate hygiene products, such as 'feminine' washes and douches, safe to use? Why or why not? In this Spotlight feature, we investigate.
What to know about blood in urine (hematuria) in females
Blood in the urine, or hematuria, may arise after an infection or injury. Some causes are specific to females or more likely to affect females than males. Learn more here.
What to know about premenstrual syndrome (PMS)
Most females experience at least some symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS). This article explores the symptoms, causes, and treatments of PMS. We also discuss when to see a doctor about symptoms.
What to know about bumps on the cervix
Bumps on the cervix are usually benign, or noncancerous, so they do not usually need treatment. In other cases, bumps can indicate cervical cancer, which will require treatment. Learn about the causes and treatments for bumps on the cervix here.
What is 'morning wood,' and why does it happen?
"Morning wood" refers to nocturnal penile tumescence, which involves waking up in the morning with an erection. This is a normal occurrence. Changes in how often it happens can signal a health condition that may need treatment from a doctor. Learn more here.
Different types of nipples
There are many types of nipples, including puffy, hairy, protruding, and inverted. These types are based on appearance and come with no health risks. Learn more about types of nipples here.
Endometriosis: Are scientists making any headway?
Endometriosis is a common chronic condition, though nobody knows what drives its development. A new study takes us a little closer to tackling its causes.
Sleep apnea and cancer: Is there a link, and in what cases?
New research analyzing a large dataset suggests there may be a link between sleep apnea and the likelihood of developing cancer, especially in women.
Brain study may explain why depression is more common in women
According to new research, the brain’s response to inflammation may explain why depression is more common in women than it is in men.
Is it ok to masturbate during pregnancy?
Most doctors agree that, in most cases, it is safe to masturbate while pregnant. In this article, we look at some of the myths and misconceptions that surround masturbation during pregnancy.
How to treat and prevent razor burn near the vagina
Shaving the hair around the vagina can sometimes cause razor burn, which can lead to skin irritation and pain. Razor burn tends to get better on its own, but trying home remedies and over-the-counter creams can help provide relief. Learn more about how to treat and prevent razor burn in the pubic area here.
More women risking heart health through lack of exercise
New research examines the patterns of physical activity among women in the United States who also have a form of cardiovascular disease.
What to know about ulcerative colitis and pregnancy
Ulcerative colitis causes inflammation of parts of the digestive system. It is possible for women with ulcerative colitis to get pregnant, have a healthy pregnancy, and give birth safely. Learn more about ulcerative colitis and pregnancy here.
What are the symptoms of gestational diabetes?
Gestational diabetes is a temporary form of diabetes that can occur during pregnancy. Learn about the symptoms of gestational diabetes, such as increased thirst and blurred vision, here.
Everything you need to know about Pap smears
A Pap smear is a routine test that doctors use to look for changes in the cervical cells. These changes may indicate cancer or precancer. Learn more about a Pap smear here.
Ways to prevent gestational diabetes
Although it is not always possible to prevent gestational diabetes, eating well and exercising regularly to achieve or maintain a healthy weight can reduce the risk. Learn more here.
Causes and treatment of vaginal cuts
Vaginal cuts and tears are common and can occur when a person is removing pubic hair or engaging in sexual activity. Minor cuts or tears are generally harmless and usually heal within a few days. However, a person with larger, deeper, or more numerous vaginal wounds may require medical treatment. Learn more here.
What to expect during IUD insertion
An intrauterine device, or IUD, is a small device a doctor inserts into the uterus that helps prevent pregnancy. Learn about what to expect during an IUD insertion here.
Menstrual cups: Everything you need to know
A menstrual cup is a product that people can use instead of pads or tampons during their periods. In this article, learn how menstrual cups work and how to use one.
What causes spotting before a period?
Spotting before a period is usually harmless, and it may not always have a clear cause. However, it can sometimes be an early sign of pregnancy. Other possible causes can include hormonal fluctuations, starting a birth control pill, and perimenopause. Learn more here.
Patterns of antibiotic use may predict cardiovascular risk
A large cohort study has found a link between prolonged antibiotic use in middle age and later in life and an increased cardiovascular risk.
What is a chocolate cyst?
A chocolate cyst is an ovarian cyst filled with blood. These growths form in people with endometriosis, usually when the condition is severe. Here, learn about the treatments for chocolate cysts and their potential effects on fertility.
Low levels of 'bad cholesterol' may actually increase stroke risk
Recent findings suggest that women with low levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol — or 'bad cholesterol' — have a heightened bleeding stroke risk.
Signs and symptoms of MS in women
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease that damages the nerves and causes a wide range of symptoms, including vision problems and numbness. In this article, learn about the symptoms of MS in women.
Dry nipples: Causes and treatment
The nipples are a sensitive area of the body. Many factors can cause nipple dryness, including chafing, eczema, and Paget’s disease of the breast. In this article, we look at the causes, symptoms, and treatments for dry nipples, as well as when to see a doctor.
What can cause pain under the right breast?
Pain under the right breast often results from muscle strain or a minor injury, and it will usually get better on its own. However, pain in this area can also be a symptom of an underlying condition, such as a gastrointestinal issue, infection, or chest inflammation. Learn more here.
Could this protein explain why migraine is more common in women?
An animal study shows that certain nervous system responses to a protein that scientists have long known to play a role in migraine occur only in females.
What to know about female sex hormones
Summary description Female sex hormones, or sex steroids, play crucial roles in sexual development, sexual desire, and reproduction. They also influence body weight and hair, bone, and muscle growth. Learn more about the types and roles of these hormones here.
Are large areolas normal?
Areolas can be large or small, and they come in many different shapes and colors. They can also change over time, for example, with age or during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Learn more about areola size and reduction options here.
Is it safe to use coconut oil for vaginal dryness?
Some people prefer a more natural approach to relieving vaginal dryness. Pure coconut oil is free from additives, and studies suggest that it is generally safe to use on the skin. Learn more here.
What causes a low libido?
It is common for a person's libido to fluctuate throughout their life and according to their mood. However, a significant change in libido may be due to an underlying cause. Learn about low libido causes and how to treat them here.
Breast cancer: Estrogen byproducts may predict outlook
New research finds an association between the ratio of two estrogen metabolites and the risk of all-cause mortality among women with breast cancer.
What does the color of period blood mean?
Period blood can vary in color and relays important information about a person’s health. Normal period blood typically varies from bright red to dark brown or black. Blood or discharge that is orange or grey may indicate an infection. Learn more about what the different colors can mean here.
Can you get pregnant on your period?
A person can get pregnant at any point in their menstrual cycle, but it is much less likely during their period. In this article, we look at the factors affecting whether someone can get pregnant before, during, and after their period.
How can you make your period come faster?
People have tried many methods to induce periods using traditional and modern medicine. In this article, we look at the evidence behind various ways to make a period come faster, risks, and methods that have no scientific backing.
Relieving sciatica pain during pregnancy
During pregnancy, the uterus can put extra pressure on the sciatic nerve, causing sciatica pain in the low back and legs. In this article, we look at how to relieve sciatica using stretches, exercise, massage, and other methods.
Can home remedies help regulate your period?
Certain home remedies and lifestyle changes, such as diet and exercise, can help people to regulate irregular periods. In this article, we look at home remedies that are backed by science, along with those that are not, such as eating turmeric and pineapple.
What causes upper stomach pain in the third trimester?
Stomach pain is one of the most common pregnancy complaints. Most often, pain in the upper stomach or abdomen is harmless, though people should know when to see a doctor. Learn more about the causes and treatment for upper abdominal pain during pregnancy here.
Groundbreaking blood test detects fibromyalgia
Researchers have identified a unique 'molecular signature' that distinguishes fibromyalgia from other related disorders that doctors often confuse it with.
Breast cancer: Does stress fuel its spread?
A new study from Switzerland shows how stress can act on breast cancer tumors, supporting their spread and diversification and making them harder to treat.
Is the shot or the pill better for birth control?
People can take the pill or have shots to prevent pregnancy, but which type of birth control is better? In this article, we discuss the effectiveness, side effects, and costs of the shot and pills for birth control.
Ovarian cancer: New drug may prevent recurrence
New research in mice identifies a compound that significantly improves ovarian cancer survival by targeting stem-like cancer cells.
What can cause a sensitive breast?
Breast sensitivity can come and go, and it is rarely a cause for concern. Causes of a sensitive breast can include hormonal changes, injuries, cysts, and breastfeeding issues. Learn more about the possible causes and when to see a doctor here.
Type 2 diabetes: Work stress may raise risk in women
New research examines the association between 'mentally tiring work' and the likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes in more than 70,000 women.
What to know about genital warts in women
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a very common sexually transmitted infection. Some types of HPV can cause genital warts, which can develop on the vulva, vagina, and cervix. Learn more about the causes, treatment, and prevention of genital warts in women here.
Are Unisom and vitamin B-6 safe during pregnancy?
Many pregnant women take a combination of doxylamine (Unisom) and vitamin B-6 for morning sickness. These two medications are also available as a combination drug called Diclegis. Despite some concerns, extensive research shows that taking doxylamine and vitamin B-6 during pregnancy is safe. Learn more here.
How yo-yo dieting impacts women's heart health
New research suggests that significant fluctuations in weight may negatively affect a woman’s ability to control her heart disease risk factors.
Can I safely lose weight during pregnancy?
Many women wonder whether it is safe or healthy to lose weight during pregnancy. In this article, we discuss the potential risks of doing this and explain safe methods to avoid weight-related complications in pregnancy.
Why do doctors underdiagnose these 3 conditions in women?
Though medical systems have come very far, unequal care-giving remains an issue. In this Spotlight, we look at the top underdiagnosed conditions in women.
Working long hours increases depression risk in women
Women who work more than 55 hours per week may have an increased risk of depression. Also, working weekends may increase the risk for both men and women.
What are the signs of pregnancy in week 2?
Doctors measure pregnancy from the first day of a woman’s last period, so week 2 is often when conception occurs. Learn more about the possible symptoms here.
How does sex drive change during pregnancy?
Among the many changes that women experience during pregnancy, they may notice that their sex drive increases or decreases in different trimesters. Learn more about sex drive changes and the safety of sex and masturbation during pregnancy here.
Anterior placenta: Everything you need to know
An anterior placenta occurs when the placenta attaches to and grows on the front of the uterus. It is not usually a cause for concern. Learn more in this article.
What to know about back pain in pregnancy
Back pain affects around two-thirds of women during pregnancy. In this article, we look at the causes of back pain in the first, second, and third trimester, and ways to relieve the pain.
What causes post-cesarean wound infections?
Cesarean wound infections occur when bacteria enter the incision. In this article, we look at the causes, types, and treatments for post-cesarean wound infections.
How do baby flutters feel?
Baby flutters are the initial movements of the developing fetus that a pregnant woman can feel. Learn what baby flutters feel like and what to expect at each stage of pregnancy in this article.
Diez causas comunes de la mastalgia
El 70% de las mujeres sufre dolor en una o ambas mamas y solo el 15% requiere tratamiento. Es muy común en las más jóvenes y durante la menstruación. Se suele describir como una quemazón o constricción, y puede relacionarse con cambios hormonales. Descubra las causas, prevención y gestión en este artículo.
What does a lump in the left breast mean?
Breast lumps can develop in the left or right breast, or in both. In this article, we look at what people should do if they find a lump, along with what it might mean, types, diagnosis, and when to see a doctor.
What causes cramps after sex?
Cramps after sex can occur for several reasons, from a simple muscle strain to more serious underlying conditions. Learn about the causes and when to see a doctor in this article.
Home remedies for menstrual cramp relief
Menstrual cramps are a common symptom of periods. They may cause mild discomfort in some people but severe pain in others. Learn about a variety of home remedies, such as heating pads and massage, here.
Gender transition drugs could be bad for the heart
New research suggests that hormone therapy may place people who are gender transitioning at a higher risk of cardiovascular events.
What and when can a fetus hear?
The developing fetus begins to hear around the 18th week of pregnancy and starts to hear low frequencies from outside the woman's body soon after. Learn more about when a fetus can hear.
Diet drinks linked to a higher risk of stroke after the menopause
A large, long-term study of postmenopausal women has linked higher consumption of diet drinks to a raised risk of stroke, heart disease, and death.
How can estrogen help control type 2 diabetes?
New findings on the role of estrogen in diabetes may have a profound effect on how we understand the condition and dietary changes that may control it.
What increases the odds of having twins?
There are no proven actions that a person can take to increase their chances of having twins naturally. However, certain factors make twins more likely. These include age, family history, racial background, and having fertility treatments. Learn more here.
Breast cancer: Cut down on alcohol to lower risk
The results of a new study show that Australian women remain unaware of the fact that alcohol consumption really does increase breast cancer risk.
Is my C-section scar OK?
People who give birth by cesarean delivery, or C-section, may have an infection during the healing process. Signs of infection include fatigue and chills. Prevention involves washing the wound with soap and water and keeping it covered for as long as a doctor advises. Learn more about C-section wound infections here.
Does the birth control pill stop you from recognizing emotions?
New research suggests that the use of oral contraceptives may impair a person's ability to recognize facial expressions relating to complex emotions.
Natural ways to boost fertility
People can increase their chances of getting pregnant naturally by reducing alcohol use, maintaining a healthy weight, and quitting smoking. Learn more here.
Breast cancer screening saved over 27,000 lives in 2018
A new study estimates that breast cancer mortality rates have fallen by approximately half in the United States in 2018, thanks to screening and therapy.
5 menstruation myths you must leave behind
There are many misconceptions surrounding menstruation that may make coping with it more confusing. In this Spotlight, we unpack and debunk the top myths.
What foods are off limits while pregnant?
Foods to avoid during pregnancy include raw shellfish and soft cheeses. In some cases, women may be able to consume problem foods or beverages in moderation. Learn more here.
Constipation and pregnancy: What to know
Constipation is a very common symptom in both early and late pregnancy. In this article, we discuss safe treatments and home remedies to relieve constipation during pregnancy. We also explain when to see a doctor.
Pain, bleeding, and discharge in the second trimester
Pain, bleeding, and unusual discharge can occur during the second trimester. This does not always signal a problem, but people should see a doctor if they are uncertain. In this article, we look at the causes, when to see a doctor, and when to go to the emergency room.
What is bloody show?
Bloody show is a type of vaginal discharge that occurs during late pregnancy. The discharge is a mixture of blood and mucus, and it is a sign that a women's cervix is preparing for labor. Learn more about bloody show here.
What is the secondary stage of syphilis?
The secondary stage of syphilis has symptoms including sores on the genitals, mouth, and anus. Diagnosis involves a physical exam. Learn more about secondary syphilis here.
What causes gas pain during pregnancy?
Gas pain is common during the early and late stages of pregnancy. In this article, we discuss the causes of gas pain, how to relieve symptoms and other conditions that cause similar symptoms.
How to tell if contractions are real
Braxton-Hicks contractions prepare the body for labor, but they are not real contractions. Real contractions are consistent and increasingly frequent. Learn more here.
Breast changes during pregnancy
During pregnancy, a woman may notice breast changes from as early as 1 week after conception. These changes can continue right up until the birth of the baby and beyond. However, breast changes vary from woman to woman, and not everyone will experience them. Learn more here.
What to know about multifocal breast cancer
Multifocal breast cancer is where a person has more than one tumor in one area of their breast. In this article, we look at the causes, diagnosis, staging, treatment, and prognosis for multifocal breast cancer.
Breast cancer: How fast does it spread?
In the early stages of breast cancer, it may not spread at all. It is difficult to know how fast invasive breast cancer can spread in 1 year, as it depends on the cancer’s stage, grade, and other factors. In this article, we discuss the growth and progression of breast cancer.
Menopause: Mindfulness may reduce symptoms
A new study concludes that mindfulness might help menopausal women who struggle with symptoms that can include irritability, depression, and anxiety.
What happens when breast cancer metastasizes in the lungs?
Metastatic, or stage 4, breast cancer in the lungs is when breast cancer cells are growing in the lungs. In this article, we look at what happens when breast cancer metastasizes in the lungs, including the symptoms, causes, treatments, and prognosis.
Diabetes: How optimism may influence your risk
New research suggests that optimism may lower the risk of type 2 diabetes among postmenopausal women. Conversely, negative emotions may heighten risk.
Which foods can help with breastfeeding?
Women need extra calories and nutrients while breastfeeding to ensure that they are producing enough milk to keep the baby well-nourished. Eating the right foods can help support lactation. Learn more here.
What is an OB-GYN?
An OB-GYN is a doctor who specializes in obstetrics (pregnancy) and gynecology (female reproductive health). In this article, we discuss what an OB-GYN is, the procedures they can perform, and their specialisms.
Eating fried foods could increase death risk, study warns
Researchers find that women who eat fried foods on a daily basis may have a heightened risk of death, particularly of heart-related death.
Triple-negative breast cancer: Recurrence and survival rates
Triple-negative breast cancer is an aggressive form of breast cancer. It can recur more frequently than other types. This article looks at the recurrence rates, survival statistics, treatment, and prevention of triple-negative breast cancer.
Oolong tea extract may stave off breast cancer
New research tests the benefits of oolong tea extract in multiple breast cancer cell lines and finds that it stops cancer cells from growing.
What causes bladder pain?
Bladder pain may occur due to interstitial cystitis, a bladder infection, bladder cancer, or kidney stones. In this article, we look at the causes and treatment of bladder pain.
Ovarian cancer risk after a hysterectomy
During a hysterectomy, a surgeon removes a person’s uterus. Because the surgeon usually leaves part or all of the ovaries intact, it may still be possible to develop ovarian cancer. However, research suggests that any type of hysterectomy helps reduce a person’s risk of ovarian cancer. Learn more here.
Innovative skin patch may offer long-term contraception
Researchers have used microneedle skin patch technology and biodegradable polymers to devise a long-lasting contraception method.
What to know about the Adam's apple
The Adam's apple is a lump of cartilage in the throat, and it develops in males and females. It has no specific use and can be surgically removed. Learn more here.
¿Qué significan los diferentes tipos de secreción vaginal?
Aprenda qué es lo que significan los diferentes tipos de secreción vaginal para la salud de una persona, así como las posibles causas de una secreción vaginal no saludable.
Remedios caseros para la vaginosis bacteriana
La vaginosis bacteriana es la infección vaginal más común. ¿Qué la causa, funcionan los remedios caseros? En este artículo responderemos estas preguntas y más.
What to know about luteinizing hormone tests
A luteinizing hormone (LH) test is a blood or urine test that measures the levels of LH in a person's blood. This hormone plays a key role in the reproductive system of both males and females. Learn about normal, high, and low LH levels here.
Orgasmic dysfunction: Everything you need to know
Orgasmic dysfunction is when a person cannot orgasm despite feeling sufficiently sexually aroused. In this article, we cover the causes, symptoms, and possible treatments.
Does a missed period and gassy stomach mean I am pregnant?
There are many reasons a person may experience a missed period with a gassy stomach. One of these reasons is pregnancy. There are several other potential underlying causes to be aware of, however. Learn more about a missed period and gassy stomach here.
Smoking weed while pregnant: Is it safe?
Marijuana use during pregnancy is on the rise, but is it safe? To find out, we look at the latest research and statements from major health organizations.
What is fibrocystic breast disease?
Fibrocystic breast disease causes a person to have lumpy, and sometimes painful, breasts. It is a very common condition and not harmful. Learn more in this article.
What is the secret to women's longevity?
Women tend to have longer lives than men, but why is that the case? The results of a new study in mice may offer an answer to this question.
Breast infections: What to know
Breast infections can happen for a variety of reasons. They are more common when a person is breastfeeding, but they can also affect people who are not. Learn more in this article.
Endometriosis and weight gain: What's the link?
Some people with endometriosis experience weight gain and bloating. In this article, we look at the possible reasons why and explain how to manage weight effectively.
How to stop bleeding on Depo-Provera
Depo-Provera is a birth control shot that can sometimes cause spotting. It is a common side effect, and there are home remedies that can help stop it. Learn more here.
The uterus plays a role in memory, study finds
According to a recent study conducted in an animal model, the uterus appears to interact with the brain, and its removal can affect some cognitive skills.
Endometriosis after a cesarean delivery: What to know
Having a C-section can increase the risk of receiving an endometriosis diagnosis. Learn more about the connection between cesarean deliveries and endometriosis in this article.
Why are my breasts sore before a period?
Fluctuations in hormones before a period are a common cause of sore breasts. In this article, learn more about why breast pain or tenderness often occurs before a period.
What to know about rectovaginal endometriosis
Rectovaginal endometriosis occurs when endometrial tissue grows around the rectum, vagina, and structures between them. Learn about the symptoms, causes, and treatment of rectovaginal endometriosis here.
LEEP procedure: What to expect
LEEP stands for loop electrosurgical excision procedure. This test can help diagnose and treat cervical cancer. Learn more about its uses and what to expect here.
Missed periods and ovarian cancer
Most causes of missed or irregular periods are not serious. However, less commonly, a missed period can be a sign of ovarian cancer. Early detection and treatment of this type of cancer can improve a person’s outlook. Learn more here.
Bowel endometriosis: What to know
Bowel endometriosis is when tissue similar to endometrial tissue develops on the bowel, causing a range of symptoms. In this article, learn about the causes and treatments.
What is female ejaculation?
Female ejaculation is when a woman’s urethra expels fluid during orgasm or sexual arousal. This ejaculation is perfectly normal, and research suggests that it is common but that people do not often talk about it. Learn more here.
What to know about fibroadenomas of the breast
A fibroadenoma is a noncancerous lump that can develop in the breast. Learn about the causes, diagnosis, complications, and possible treatment of fibroadenomas in this article.
Crohn's disease and pregnancy
Crohn's disease and pregnancy can affect each other. However, most women who conceive while their Crohn's disease is in remission can have a normal pregnancy and healthy baby. Learn more here.
Can D-mannose treat a UTI?
D-mannose is a type of sugar that researchers believe may help treat urinary tract infections (UTIs). Learn more about the studies, conclusions, and possible dosage here.
5 natural ways to reduce breast size
Breast tissue is largely made up of fatty materials. Losing body fat is one effective way to reduce breast size naturally. In this article, we look at five methods people can use to reduce breast size, or the appearance of breasts.
10 ways to boost libido
Sex drive, or libido, naturally varies between people. If a person wants to boost their libido, there are many methods they can try, including lifestyle, diet, remedies, and sex tips. Here, we look at ways to boost libido in both males and females.
What are the symptoms of HIV in women?
HIV can affect anyone, and it may cause different symptoms in males and females. In this article, learn how HIV affects women and about the treatment options.
End-of-life symptoms of metastatic breast cancer
The end-of-life symptoms associated with metastatic breast cancer depend on where a person’s cancer has spread to, and they can include both physical and mental issues. Treatment focuses on improving quality of life and caring for the individual’s physical, emotional, and spiritual needs. Learn more here.
Breast cancer: Tumor growth fueled by bone marrow cells
New research uncovers a mechanism of tumor growth that may explain why some breast cancer tumors are more aggressive than others.
Second trimester pains: What to expect
While many women experience less morning sickness during the second semester, a variety of pains may arise. These can include round ligament pains, Braxton-Hicks contractions, symphysis pubis dysfunction, and back and leg pain. Here, learn about the causes and how to find relief.
What you need to know about breast cancer
Breast cancer survival rates are rising as screening and treatment improve. But breast cancer is still the most invasive cancer in women. Find out who might have a greater risk, what symptoms to look out for, and the treatment options a person might face. Plus, learn about the types of breast cancer and the stages.
Ovarian cancer statistics
Knowing the statistics on ovarian cancer can help a person better understand the condition. However, it is important to remember that everyone has a different experience with cancer.
What causes pelvic pain in women?
Pelvic pain can affect both men and women, but its causes differ for each sex. In women, ovarian cysts, endometriosis, or uterine fibroids, as well as several other health conditions, may cause pelvic pain. In this article, learn what else causes pelvic pain in women and when to see a doctor.
New blood test can detect ovarian cancer in its early stages
Ovarian cancer is rarely detected in its early stages, which makes treatment less effective. A new blood test, however, may become a game-changer.
Hepatitis C symptoms in women
While hepatitis C can affect both sexes, it may cause different symptoms in females. In this article, learn about hepatitis C in women, including the causes and risks.
Dental dams: Everything you need to know
Dental dams are a way of preventing the spread of sexually transmitted infections during oral sex. Learn about how to use them here.
Pregnancy trimesters: A guide
Pregnancy usually has three trimesters, lasting about 40 weeks from the first day of a woman’s last period. Each trimester comes with different symptoms. Learn more about each pregnancy trimester here.
How does social media use affect our body image?
Recently published research examines the effect of active social media engagement on the self-perceived body image of young adult women.
What causes sweating around the vagina?
Sweating in the area around the vagina is normal, but it can sometimes cause discomfort and irritation. Several factors can increase sweating in the groin area, including exercise, nonbreathable underwear, and too much pubic hair. Learn more here.
What is melasma?
Melasma causes dark patches to appear on the skin. It is a pigmentation disorder that is more common in women. Learn about the symptoms, risk factors, and treatments here.
What to know about ferritin blood tests for anemia
A ferritin blood test is a simple way to check a person's iron levels. In this article, we discuss normal, low, and high levels, what they mean, and how to alter blood ferritin levels.
Heart attacks increasingly common in young women
New research, presented at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions meeting, finds that heart attacks are no longer an 'old man's disease.'
Breast cancer screening: How does it truly impact survival?
New research looking at the data of tens of thousands of women finds that screening for breast cancer has an important impact on survival.
What is a TENS unit and does it work?
Some people use a transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) unit to treat pain. This device works by sending electrical impulses through the skin. It may give people relief from the painful symptoms of arthritis, multiple sclerosis, fibromyalgia, endometriosis, and other conditions. Learn more here.
What does ovulation pain mean?
Some women experience a sharp pain when they ovulate. Also known as mittelschmerz pain, it may occur suddenly or in the middle of a woman’s cycle and may affect only one side of the body. Learn more about ovulation pain, and when to see a doctor here.
Daily serving of nuts may stave off weight gain
Two new studies suggest that a daily serving of nuts helps stave off weight gain in the long run and benefits cardiometabolic health in women.
Fertility drugs for women: What to know
Fertility issues are common, and there are many ways to treat them. In this article, learn about fertility drugs for women and the possible side effects.
What to know about HPV and fertility
The human papillomavirus (HPV) can negatively affect fertility in both men and women. In this article, learn about the possible risks and how to improve the outcome.
What to know about laparoscopy for infertility
Laparoscopy is a minimally invasive procedure doctors use to diagnose a variety of conditions, including some that can cause infertility. Learn more here.
What to know about endometriosis and infertility
Endometriosis causes tissue similar to the uterine lining to grow elsewhere in the body. People with endometriosis may be more likely to experience infertility. In this article, learn about the link between endometriosis and fertility issues, as well as what treatments are available.
What to know about cervical mucus and fertile discharge
Recognizing changes in cervical mucus can help a person identify when in their cycle they are most fertile. Learn about fertile discharge, and what it looks like, in this article.
What helps with insomnia during early pregnancy?
Changes in the body during pregnancy may result in difficulty sleeping. Insomnia during early pregnancy can occur because of hormonal changes and existing difficulty sleeping. Treatment includes improving sleep hygiene and increasing physical activity. Learn more about insomnia during early pregnancy here.
What do different colors of discharge mean in pregnancy?
Normal discharge during pregnancy is clear or white and is known as leukorrhea. Other colors of discharge may indicate yeast infections, a sexually transmitted infection, or more serious issues needing medical attention. Here, learn what the various colors of vaginal discharge mean during pregnancy.
Is hair loss a side effect of metformin?
Doctors prescribe metformin to treat people with type 2 diabetes or polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). In rare cases, metformin may cause hair loss. Learn more here.
Signs and symptoms of infertility
In this article, learn about possible signs of infertility in men and women, as well as about other risk factors, the treatment options, and when to see a doctor.
Acupressure for inducing labor: What to know
Some people use acupressure to help induce labor, but is it effective? In this article, we discuss four acupressure points to try and look at the research behind the claims.
Using light to destroy metastatic breast cancer
Metastatic breast cancer may soon be treated using light to activate photo-sensitive drugs which, in turn, can target cancer cells and avoid healthy ones.
How a breastfeeding mechanism may affect breast cancer
A molecular mechanism that is involved in the breast's adaptation to breastfeeding may sustain pre-cancerous breast cells, finds a new study.
Is compulsive eating before a period normal?
In the days before a period, it is common to eat compulsively. Some tips and strategies can help prevent these cravings. Learn more here.
What to know about subchorionic bleeding
Subchorionic bleeding, or a subchorionic hemorrhage, occurs when blood collects between the uterus and the gestational membranes during pregnancy. It usually resolves without medical treatment but may increase a person's risk for some pregnancy complications. Learn more about the causes and symptoms in this article.
Breast cancer: Omega-3-rich diet may stop tumors from spreading
A diet rich in omega-3 fatty acids may halt the growth of cancer cells by strengthening the immune system and curbing inflammation.
What to know about inverted nipples
Inverted nipples are relatively common in both males and females, and nipple inversion is not a cause for concern. Though no treatment is usually necessary, there are several methods of correcting the inversion. Learn more here.
First period after having a baby: What to expect
Many women wonder what to expect from their first postpartum period, as well as when to expect it. In this article, learn about the first period after having a baby, including how to tell the difference between lochia and a period, and when to resume birth control.
Invasive lobular breast cancer: Prognosis and statistics
Invasive lobular breast cancer affects the lobules, which contain glands that produce breast milk. This type of cancer can spread to other parts of the breast and may affect other areas of the body. In this article, learn more about treatments, remission, and outlook.
How soon can you get pregnant after giving birth?
While it is unlikely, a woman can get pregnant before the first postpartum period. In this article, learn more about how soon a woman can get pregnant after having a baby, how long doctors recommend waiting, and about the possible risks of pregnancies that are too close together.
Existing drug may treat triple-negative breast cancer
Researchers have discovered that the drug estradiol may work as a new treatment for a type of triple-negative breast cancer, which is highly aggressive.
What are the symptoms of high estrogen?
High estrogen levels can cause a range of symptoms. Males may experience sexual problems and enlarged breasts, while females may experience weight gain and menstrual complications. A person may have high estrogen because of a natural imbalance, or because they are taking certain medications. Learn more here.
Drinking water lowers the risk of bladder infections
Researchers have recently conducted a new study into bladder infections. They now suggest that we ought to drink plenty of water to keep them at bay.
What are the side effects of radiation for breast cancer?
Radiation can be an effective treatment for breast cancer, but it does have side effects. Doctors may recommend this therapy in combination with others, such as surgery and chemotherapy. Learn more about how radiation for breast cancer affects the body and what short- and long-term side effects to expect.
Ovarian cancer: Taking regular low-dose aspirin can lower risk
An analysis of data from two large cohorts totaling 205,498 women sees that regularly taking low-dose aspirin is linked to reduced risk of ovarian cancer.
What are the risks of having too much amniotic fluid?
Having too much amniotic fluid during pregnancy can result in an early or difficult delivery. It can also increase the risk to the baby. A doctor may resolve the issue by removing some of the excess fluid, or they may recommend medications that have the same effect. Learn more here.
Which is the best IUD for me?
The best IUD for each person depends on many factors. People can choose between hormonal IUDs, which include Mirena and Kyleena, and nonhormonal IUDs, such as ParaGard. In this article, we take a look at the benefits and risks of different types of IUD.
How to speed up recovery from a cesarean delivery
Women may take longer to recover from a cesarean delivery, or C-section, compared with a vaginal birth. In this article, we look at what to expect in the days, weeks, and months after cesarean delivery, and we provide tips to help people recover faster.
Ovarian cancer: Newer birth control pills may lower risk
A large study examines the effect of newer combined oral contraceptives on the risk of ovarian cancer among women of reproductive age.
Signs and symptoms of Crohn's disease in women
Crohn's disease is equally common in men and women but can affect them differently. In this article, learn about four symptoms of Crohn's disease in females.
How to treat and prevent ingrown pubic hair
Ingrown pubic hairs are a common problem but may be more likely to affect those who shave or wax. In this article, learn how to treat and prevent them.
Life expectancy for stage 3 breast cancer
Many factors influence a person’s life expectancy after a stage 3 breast cancer diagnosis, including age, sex, and response to treatment. In this article, learn more about survival rates, treatment, and remission.
What to know about the last week of birth control pills
The last week of a birth control pill pack often contains placebo pills. These are inactive pills containing no hormones. Learn if people need to take these pills or if they can skip them to miss their period.
Should you take a pregnancy test? 10 signs
Nausea, a missed period, and breast changes are all common early signs of pregnancy. Learn more about these and other signs that you should take a pregnancy test.
How to tell the difference between PMS and pregnancy symptoms
Many symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and early pregnancy are similar, such as mood changes, breast tenderness, and fatigue. However, other symptoms are specific to pregnancy. Learn to tell the difference here.
Different baby positions during pregnancy: What to know
During pregnancy, the fetus changes position often, but some positions are safer than others just before childbirth. In this article, learn about baby positions in the womb, including anterior, posterior, transverse lie, and three types of breech position.
Double mastectomy recovery: What to know
It can be difficult to know what to expect after a double mastectomy. In this article, we discuss the physical and emotional side effects of surgery and provide tips to aid recovery at home. We also cover how to prepare for the procedure and the length of the recovery time.
What to know about rheumatoid arthritis during pregnancy
Many women with rheumatoid arthritis experience a reduction in symptoms during pregnancy. However, this is not always the case, and some women may experience a flare shortly after childbirth. In this article, learn how rheumatoid arthritis affects pregnancy, including the possible risks and impact on symptoms.
Typical testosterone levels in males and females
Testosterone levels vary depending on a person’s sex, age, and physical activity levels. Testosterone levels that are too high or too low may cause a range of potential complications including infertility and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Learn more about testosterone levels here.
How body fat affects men's and women's health differently
New research in rodents helps us understand why women are better protected against the harmful effects of excessive body fat than men.
Is it safe to use Pepto-Bismol while breastfeeding?
Although researchers are still unsure whether Pepto-Bismol passes into a woman's breast milk, most health authorities recommend avoiding it while breastfeeding. In this article, learn about the safety and risks of taking Pepto-Bismol while breastfeeding. Also, find out about safe alternatives.
Breast cancer: Discovery of new factor may improve therapy
Researchers have found a previously unknown mechanism in the development of breast cancer, involving an enzyme that plays a key role in lactation.
Can you take NyQuil while breastfeeding?
Breastfeeding women may worry about the effects that taking NyQuil to relieve cold and flu symptoms might have on the baby. Some products are safe to use but others may require caution depending on their ingredients, such as those containing alcohol. Learn more about the impact of using NyQuil while breastfeeding.
Rheumatoid arthritis symptoms in women
Rheumatoid arthritis causes many symptoms, including joint pain and stiffness. In women, symptoms often start to appear between the ages of 30 and 50. Hormonal factors and other conditions, such as endometriosis, can increase the risk of the disease. Learn more about the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis in women here.
What to know about transvaginal ultrasounds
A transvaginal ultrasound is an imaging scan that doctors use to examine the inside of a person’s pelvic region. By inserting a scope into the vaginal canal, the doctor can identify certain health issues. Here, we look at the uses of transvaginal ultrasounds, how to prepare for this procedure, and what to expect.
Can yoga improve your sex life?
Does yoga improve sexual function? We take a look at what the research has to say and what poses may be best for a happier, more fulfilling sex life.
Sexual function: Electrode stimulation helps women orgasm
A new study reveals that nerve stimulation usually applied to treat bladder problems can also help women resolve sexual dysfunction and reach orgasm again.
What to eat if you have PCOS
Research has consistently shown that people can reduce the symptoms of polycystic ovarian syndrome by following a healthful diet. In this article, learn about the best diets for PCOS, including a low glycemic index diet, anti-inflammatory diet, and DASH diet. We also cover which foods to avoid.
What are the best positions for breastfeeding?
Breastfeeding is a skill that takes time for both a woman and baby to learn. The best breastfeeding positions may change over time as the woman gains confidence and the baby grows. Learn about the best breastfeeding positions for comfort, a good latch, and reduced risk of muscle strains and nipple injuries.
What causes pinkish-brown discharge?
Various factors affect the color of vaginal discharge. Pinkish-brown discharge is usually not a cause for concern, but it may sometimes occur due to a condition that requires treatment. Here, we look at the causes of pink or brown discharge, including periods, pregnancy, and infection, and discuss when to see a doctor.
HPV and breastfeeding: What to know
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a widespread sexually transmitted infection. It does not usually cause severe symptoms, but some strains can increase the risk of certain cancers. Can you breastfeed if you have HPV? In this article, we look at the safety and risks to help breastfeeding women make an informed decision.
What to do about clogged milk ducts
Clogged milk ducts can occur during breastfeeding if the baby does not fully drain the breasts. Clogged ducts can cause intense pain, swelling, and itching. In this article, learn more about the causes and symptoms of clogged milk ducts and how to treat them at home. We also cover prevention and when to see a doctor.
What causes an absence of menstruation?
An absence of menstruation, also called amenorrhea, means either that a person has not started having periods by the age of 16 or that someone who has started menstruating has missed three periods in a row. In this article, learn about 13 causes of amenorrhea, possible additional symptoms, and when to see a doctor.
What vitamins and minerals does a woman need?
Women have different nutritional needs to men. These needs can change throughout life and according to activity levels, medical conditions, and lifestyle choices. Here, we look at which vitamins and minerals a woman needs at different life stages, the recommended dietary intakes, and which foods to eat.
How to stop or speed up your period
Periods often occur at inconvenient times, and people may sometimes want to speed up or stop their period once it has started. There is no foolproof way to do this, but certain methods may work for some people. Hormonal contraception allows people to plan when to have a period or stop their periods permanently.
What to know about Foley bulb induction
A Foley bulb induction is when a doctor inserts a small balloon into the cervix to help it dilate faster. Foley bulb induction is one of many ways to induce labor. There are few side effects and the procedure is safe for most women. Learn more about the procedure, benefits, and risks.
What causes itchy nipples while breastfeeding?
Itchy nipples are a common complaint, especially in the initial weeks of breastfeeding. In this article, learn about the causes of itchy nipples and breasts while breastfeeding, including thrush, a bad latch, contact dermatitis, and the let-down reflex. We also cover how to get relief at home and when to see a doctor.
What days can you get pregnant?
Females are most fertile within a day or two of ovulation, which is known as the fertile window. Being able to calculate when the fertile window will occur may be helpful for couples trying to conceive, and for those who want to avoid pregnancy by using fertility awareness contraception. Learn more here.
What does the LH surge mean for pregnancy?
The levels of luteinizing hormone (LH) rise just before ovulation, and the increase triggers the release of an egg from an ovary. Just after this LH surge, the most fertile period of the menstrual cycle occurs. Tracking LH levels can help to time intercourse and increase the chances of becoming pregnant.
Is it safe to take ibuprofen while breastfeeding?
Many doctors recommend that women avoid taking ibuprofen when they are pregnant, so people may wonder if this drug is safe to take while breastfeeding. In this article, learn about the safety, risks, and considerations of taking ibuprofen while breastfeeding. We also discuss other pain relievers and natural treatments.
Why is my period so light?
A light period is when someone has less menstrual blood or a shorter period than usual. Many factors can affect the flow of periods, including diet, exercise, and health conditions. Pregnancy can cause spotting, which people may mistake for a light period. Learn about the causes and symptoms of light periods here.
What causes cramps without a period?
A variety of factors and underlying conditions can cause cramps outside of a person's regular period. These include irritable bowel syndrome, endometriosis, and pelvic inflammatory disease. In this article, learn more about the possible causes and their additional symptoms, as well as when to see a doctor.
Does a faint positive line mean you are pregnant?
Home pregnancy tests can sometimes produce a faint positive result. This result often means that pregnancy has occurred, although other factors can also influence the test. Learn more about what a faint positive result means and what to do when one appears. This article also looks at when someone should see a doctor.
MS: New drug proven to slow brain shrinkage
A randomized, placebo-controlled trial shows that a new drug can reduce the atrophy of the brain, which is a hallmark of multiple sclerosis.
Are red spots on the breast a sign of cancer?
There are many possible causes of red spots or a rash on the breast, including allergic reactions, infections, problems with the milk ducts, and several other skin conditions. However, red spots can sometimes be an early sign of inflammatory breast cancer or Paget’s disease of the breast. Learn more here.
How do you use vaginal suppositories?
People can use vaginal suppositories for reasons ranging from birth control to treatment for infection. Vaginal suppositories are simple to insert, as the step-by-step guide and tips in this article explain. We also look at the different types of vaginal suppositories, and when people may benefit from their use.
What causes lactation when not pregnant or breastfeeding?
Women usually begin lactating after giving birth or sometimes during pregnancy. However, some women and men may produce a milky discharge from the nipples without being pregnant or breastfeeding. Doctors call this condition galactorrhea. In this article, learn about the possible causes of lactating when not pregnant.
Is it possible to get pregnant while on birth control?
Although some forms of birth control are nearly 100 percent effective, they can fail sometimes. In this article, we explain why different types of birth control fail and discuss the percentage of women who get pregnant while using birth control. We also cover the early symptoms of pregnancy and when to see a doctor.
Can you miss a period and not be pregnant?
A missed period is often one of the first signs of pregnancy, but there are a variety of other reasons why a person might not menstruate. Learn which lifestyle factors and medical conditions can be responsible for a person’s missed period when a pregnancy test is negative. We also cover false negative test results.
Signs and causes of leaking amniotic fluid
Many women experience an increase in vaginal discharge during pregnancy or find that they leak urine at times. However, a clear and odorless fluid coming from the vagina could be leaking amniotic fluid. In this article, learn the signs of leaking amniotic fluid, as well as the possible causes and when to call a doctor.
Can you start the birth control pill midcycle?
The birth control pill is a very safe and effective method of contraception when taken correctly. However, many people wonder whether if it okay to start taking the pill in the middle of their menstrual cycle. Here, we examine the benefits, risks, and side effects of starting the pill midcycle.
Is it safe to use marijuana while breastfeeding?
Women who regularly use marijuana may wonder if it is safe to use while breastfeeding. The body processes marijuana slowly and stores it in fat, meaning that some of the chemicals may be present in breast milk. Learn about whether it is safe to use marijuana while breastfeeding, as well as about the possible risks.
Foods to eat and avoid while breastfeeding
People who are breastfeeding should aim for a healthful, well-balanced diet. Some foods are better than others for providing nutrients, and there are certain foods that it is wise to avoid. Learn which foods to eat and avoid when breastfeeding. We also cover nutrition, supplements, and meal preparation strategies.
When will labor start if you are 1-centimeter dilated?
When labor begins, the cervix dilates, widening up to 10 centimeters (cm) over time. However, dilating to 1 cm does not always mean that labor will begin soon. In this article, we describe what dilating to 1 cm can signal. We also look into other possible signs of labor and when to contact a doctor.
How to stop spotting on the pill
Many people have some spotting, or breakthrough bleeding, when they start taking the birth control pill. The body can take up to 6 months to adjust to the new hormones. If spotting continues after 6 months, it is best to talk to a doctor to rule out underlying conditions and discuss alternative birth control options.
What signs of breast cancer are there other than a lump?
A lump in the breast can be a sign of breast cancer, but other changes in the breast can also signify this condition. Other potential warning signs include texture changes, nipple discharge, and breast pain. Learn more about eight possible symptoms of breast cancer besides a lump, and when to see a doctor.
What are the pros and cons of breastfeeding?
Most health organizations advocate breastfeeding and, with the right support, many women find that they can breastfeed successfully. However, it can also be challenging. Learn about the pros and cons of breastfeeding, including the health benefits, costs, and the effects on mental health and parenting workload.
How can people speed up dilation?
When the cervix dilates to a certain extent, this is one sign that a baby is ready to be born. Dilation is usually gradual, and there are many ways to encourage it, including sexual stimulation, laughing, and using an exercise ball. In this article, learn how to promote dilation before and during labor.
Can a person get pregnant while taking the pill?
Birth control pills are generally very effective when a person takes them correctly and consistently. However, some things can reduce the pill’s effectiveness and increase the risk of unintended pregnancy, including missing pill days, vomiting, and taking certain medications. Learn more here.
Can I take Plan B on the pill?
It is essential that people keep taking birth control pills even if they use the Plan B emergency contraception pill. This will help prevent unwanted pregnancy. There may be side effects of taking both pills due to the increase in hormones, but combining them will not impact on their effectiveness. Learn more here.
What to do about vaginal cysts, sores, and bumps
A lump or bump on the vagina may have a variety of causes. Causes can include cysts, warts, polyps, and, rarely, vaginal cancer. Treatment depends on the cause and may involve medication, lifestyle and hygiene changes, or even surgery. Learn more about the causes and treatment options of lumps on the vagina here.
Ten tips to prevent stretch marks
Rapid weight or muscle gain, growth spurts, and pregnancy can all cause stretch marks. Genetics may also be a contributing factor. These lines are not harmful to health, but some people dislike their appearance. In this article, learn about ways to help prevent stretch marks and keep the skin looking supple and smooth.
What happens at each stage of breast cancer?
There are multiple stages of breast cancer, ranging from 0–4. Each has it’s own particular set of symptoms and treatment possibilities. There are treatment options for each stage with varying outlooks for success depending on the stage and person. The earlier the stage, the more likely treatment will be successful.
Migraines are more common in women, but why?
Migraines are disruptive, debilitating events, but what causes them remains unclear. Notably, they are more common in women, and a new study asks why.
What are the long-term side effects of birth control?
People often stay on hormonal birth control for much of their adult lives, either for contraception or to manage long-term medical conditions. Many wonder if it is safe to take birth control for extended periods. In this article, we look at the short-term and long-term side effects and risks of hormonal birth control.
What is labial hypertrophy and is it normal?
Each person's vagina and vulva are unique, and there is wide variation between people. Labial hypertrophy is when one or both vaginal lips, or labia, are larger than usual. This is normal and not a cause for concern. Some people choose to have surgery for cosmetic reasons. Learn more about vaginal hypertrophy here.
Is it safe to skip your period using birth control?
Skipping one or more periods using the birth control pill is usually safe and poses few risks. A person may want to skip a period to avoid discomfort, for convenience, or for other reasons. Learn how to skip a period using birth control here. We also look at types of birth control that reduce the frequency of periods.
What can cause cramps after menopause?
Although a person's monthly periods stop after they have been through menopause, they may still sometimes experience abdominal cramping. These cramps are usually nothing serious, but can sometimes be a sign of an underlying medical condition, such as uterine fibroids, endometriosis, or cancer. Learn more here.
What to do if you've lost a birth control pill
People often lose birth control pills in their handbags or down the drain. Losing a pill is not usually a problem. A person should call their doctor for advice and a replacement pack while continuing to use their regular pack. However, the best advice varies, depending on the type of birth control. Learn more here.